Introduction to HTML & CSS

What Is HTML?

HTML is a markup language commonly used for web pages. It stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.

HTML is not the only markup language for a web site, instead there are many other markup languages ​​that have been created for the same purpose.

However, it is the most widely used and accepted language of all computer and smartphone devices today.

HTML History

It was created as early as the 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee, the first person on the World Wide Web (www) and the first to create a website .

Uses Of HTML

  • HTML contains several elements used to structure a website
  • Each HTML element has its own tag as a marker
  • For Instance, <p> for paragraphs and <h1> for headings
  • Internet browsers do not display HTML tags directly to users yet those tags used to display content to users.

What Is CSS

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It is used to determine how HTML elements are displayed to users.

If HTML is WHAT you want to show to your users, then CSS is HOW to display it.

Websites do not require CSS. HTML does an adequate job, but using CSS, the site will look more fantastic and pleasing to the eye.

CSS History

The use of CSS was first introduced by Håkon Wium Lie in 1994.

As HTML grows, an emphasis has been placed on making HTML more attractive to users, and various style sheets are being proposed at the same time.

However, CSS was chosen to be the main style sheet, and began to be developed in collaboration with several parties.

Uses Of CSS

  • Determines how the site is displayed
  • It works by setting the HTML element to its own properties
  • For example, CSS can be used to set the font size <p> or <h1> to a specific size, that is 16 px .
Specifies what you want to displayDetermines HOW it is displayed
Mark HTML elements with HTML tagsAdds features to HTML elements such as color and text size

Share this article